A healthy diet means consuming the right amount of foods (commonly referred to as balanced diet) from all food groups so that one can live a healthy life. Indeed, the type and amount of food you eat has a direct influence on your health. If you take a well-balanced diet, it can help reduce the chances of getting various diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, some types of cancer, and osteoporosis as well as maintaining a healthy weight. Therefore, it is always important to make sure that you take a healthy diet throughout your lifetime. However, to some people, it has not been easy to achieve the above objective because they do not know what exactly constitutes a healthy diet. Well, if the above has been your concern, then, worry no more as this article unveils all what constitutes a healthy diet and everything you need to know.
As stated in the introductory section, a healthy diet must constitute several food groups in the right quantities, since one single food group cannot provide all the nutrients our bodies needs for a good health. Therefore, everything you need for a healthy diet constitutes the following:
Protein is the major constituent of a healthy diet. In fact, medical experts and nutritionists recommend that proteins should be about 20-25% of our nutritional intake. It plays a vital role in our bodies as it aids in bodybuilding while repairing worn-out body tissues. Protein-rich foods have essential minerals such as magnesium, B vitamins, as well as iron. In this regard, meat, fish, corn, nuts, poultry, eggs, soya, and beans are the main sources of proteins.
#2. Vegetables and fruits
A healthy diet must have fruits and vegetables to provide our bodies with minerals, vitamins, and fiber contents. All these nutrients are vital for our bodies to function well while offering protection against heart diseases, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. It is recommended that people should consume about five portions of vegetables and fruits every day.
#3. Whole grains
Our bodies require enough energy to carry out its daily activities. Whole grains are known to provide instant energy and at the same time, provides our bodies with minerals, fiber, and vitamins. Whole grain products are foods like breads, cereals, wheat, pastas, brown rice, corn, bulger, buckwheat, wild rice, and even buckwheat.
Although cream, butter, milk, and so on, are sometimes classified under proteins, but, categorically, it should be classified under dairy products. Indeed, dairy products are known for their good source of calcium, which is a vital requirement for healthy bones and strong teeth. Therefore, people should always consume dairy products such as milk, cheese, yoghurts, and so on to get sufficient calcium intake.
The list of what constitute a healthy diet will not be complete without mentioning legumes. Nutritionists urge that taking plenty of legumes improve glycemic control, which helps people with type 2 diabetes as well as reducing the chances of developing coronary heart diseases. Leguminous foods include soy, peanuts, lentils, carob, peas, mesquite, clovers, lupins, beans, and alfalfa.
The list of what constitutes a healthy diet is just endless. However, the above are the key points to note for a proper diet leading to a good health. Nevertheless, people are advised to avoid taking foods with high contents of sugars and fats because they have a high amount of calories that can easily lead to health problems (overweight, heart diseases, and other complications) as well as spoiling your teeth.